Lighting choices in livestock

Partner(s): Grimaud Frères
Industry(ies): Duck | Other poultry

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All the knowledge adquired with this tutorial on light and its issues will enable you to make the right choice of lighting equipment for your production.


Loic Fruchet - Mule duck production manager


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Role of light in farms.

If you have seen our other videos on lighting, you understand that the choice of lighying equipment is therefore, essential and influences the way your animals perceive their environment, but will also affect their behaviour.

There are different sources of light in farms

such as:

  • fluorescent tubes, which have rather reached then end of their usefulness,
  • high-pressure sodium lamps,
  • incandescent bulbs, obsolete today,
  • and LED materials.

For this material, you need to know and define several parameters, such as the colour temperature, which is measured in Kelvin.

They must allow you meet the needs of your poultry according to their stage of rearing or age. It is advisable to use lights with colder, bluer colour temperatures in the rearing phase, and redder in the breeding phase.

You must control and know your light intensity.

Luminous intensitiy is the total amount of visible light produced by a light source. The unit of measurement of this light intensity for breeding is the lux. It is a means of measuring the illuminance to control the light intensity at different points in the building.

Light intensity is measured with a lux meter like this one.

The positioning of the light is key. It is important to have as few shaded areas as possible and as evenly distributed as possible so the birds can use your building fully and safely. Do not hesitate to have your installers carry out a positioning study on your equipment.

Here are some key points to remember: Choose the right equipment for your breeding phase. Regularly check the operation and setting of your programming clocks to adapt the light programme to the age of your birds.

Have uniform light intensity at all points of your building to avoid shaded areas.

Use the light meter regularly to check the light in your farms.

Never suddenly reduce or increase the light intensity or duration during the egg-laying phase.

All this knowledge on light and its issues will enable you to make the right choice of lighting equipment for your production and thus to provide your animals with optimal conditions of production and well-being.

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